Posted 20 hours ago

WD 20TB Elements Desktop External Hard Drive - USB 3.0, Black

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PiranhaTech said:This is making me wonder if motherboards will start coming with SAS ports instead. There's no news for SATA 4.

But unlike the IronWolf Pro, the 20TB design shows no improvements in operational power demands over the 18TB models, and the SAS models use an extra 0.4W over the SATA versions at idle. Even if you invest in the best NAS device, an inferior drive could mean not only a poor return on investment but also potential data loss. When looking for the best hard drive for your NAS, consider your priorities. Is top-tier speed paramount, or is storage capacity at the forefront of your needs? Features like enhanced cache and vibration protection might also play a role in your decision. IMO, it's pretty clever to present these as independent drives. This lets the host manage them in a much more natural way.Solidigm and its two 30.72TB SSDs: The D5-P5430 (coming later this year) and the D5- P5316 , as well as the 61TB D5-P5336

Doing the same calculations that we did for the IronWolf Pro, taking the 2750TB limit over five years and dividing that by the capacity, we end up with total bytes transferred of 137.5 TB per TB of drive capacity. U.2 is SATA 4.0 really, and it is successful on workstations and servers because you can change out a drive in 2 seconds. But apparently they think consumers prefer diving into their case with a screwdriver like an idiot instead of simply plugging something in and out. Lyve: Periferie-naar-cloudplatform voor massaopslag Lyve Cloud: Voordelige objectopslag, ontworpen voor de multicloudAnother Seagate drive with ten 2TB platters in the classic 3.5-inch form factor to sit alongside the new IronWolf Pro 20TB. The only significant difference on the outside is that the EXOS comes in a SAS flavor in addition to a conventional SATA variety model. The Seagate Skyhawk AI HDD is designed with “AI'' firmware to improve the drive’s ability to handle recording, video analysis, and GPU analytics workloads. This includes up to 64 HD video streams and 32 AI streams with zero dropped frames. This is combined with a robust warranty, including a high workload rate and Seagate’s three-year data recovery service. The trend for this decade is likely to be the quest for exotic data storage ( DNA, glass), rolling out next generation tape technology (beyond LTO-10), sunsetting hard disk drive technology and accelerating the drive towards the first Petabyte drive. When deliberating about what product will make it to the list, there’s a number of assumptions we need to make.

PlaneInTheSky said:There are U.2 ports on some mobo, but it's mostly servers and high-end workstations that use it.U.3 should be the "Universal Standard" that replaces SATA/SAS/nVME over PCIe. How an external drive connects to your PC or Mac is second only to the type of storage mechanism it uses in determining how fast you'll be able to access data. These connection types are ever in flux, but these days, most external hard drives use a flavor of USB, or in rare cases, Thunderbolt. They still list these drives as having better idle decibel readings than my old 5200 RPM 4 terabyte drive and it's disingenuous at best.Hard drives may get you more capacity for your dollar by far, but first you need to consider a major difference in external storage these days: the hard drive versus the SSD. I feel like I'm in the dark ages when installing or switching out an M.2 SSD that requires a screwdriver. That converts into a warranty that lasts for five years with a TBW of 2,750TB, compared with the 1,500TBW of the IronWolf Pro.

That's why you no longer see people experimenting by putting SSD in RAID 4 to get ridiculous speeds, like people did with SATA SSD. You simply can't do that with M.2 SSD, there's no mobo that have 6+ M.2 slots, but there's plenty of workstation solutions with many U.2 slots.There are Add-in cards that can raid together M.2 slots if you really cared about it, but realistically, I'd rather not use those if possible. However, channel pricing is driven by demand, and with the EXOS 20TB being new, the demand is high. We would expect that the price of this part should drop once production overtakes demand later in the year. HAMR drives require new media and new write heads. These heads of media have been mass produced for about a year, so their quality and costs are predictable. Meanwhile, media and the TDMR read heads that Seagate has been using for its 14TB, 16TB, and 18TB HDDs have been in mass production for years, so they are still cheaper than the components used for HAMR drives. To that end, it makes more sense for Seagate to offer traditional PMR (with TDMR) and SMR drives at a 20TB capacity point. U.2 also allows you to install multiple SSD drives on workstation mobo. Which of course you can't do with consumer M.2 mobo, because you would end up with a giant mobo. For performance, HDDs are also often gauged by rotations per minute (RPM), which is usually a direct indicator of performance. The RPM value impacts sequential transfers as well as random access latency. Lower RPM drives tend to be quieter and more efficient, while higher RPM drives have better performance. There are also variable RPM drives that try to achieve the best of both worlds. Power draw, heat, and noise are factors related to performance.

In a physical hard drive, as the EXOS is, wear happens whenever the platters are rotating, irrespective of the reading or writing that accompanies that movement. However, if you didn’t read that review, we should mention that, unlike SSDs, the workload figure of a physical hard drive is calculated based on both reading and writing, and not just writing. Evidently, both Seagate and Western Digital did the calculations and came to the same conclusion about these devices and how much use they are likely to handle before they need replacing. Most such multi-bay devices are sold without the actual hard drives included, so you can install any drive you want (usually, 3.5-inch drives, but some support laptop-style 2.5-inchers). Their total storage capacities are limited only by their number of available bays and the capacities of the drives you put in them. The storage industry refers to these (as well as smaller-capacity externals as a whole) as DAS—for "direct attached storage"—to distinguish them from NAS, or network attached storage, many of which are also multi-bay devices that can take two or more drives that you supply. (See our separate roundup of the best NAS drives.)

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